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State Facts

State Name: Montana

State Nickname: "The Treasure State,"  "Big Sky Country"

State Motto: Oro y plata (Spanish for "Gold and silver") 

Name for Residents: Montanan

Abbreviation: MT

Time Zone: Mountain, GMT/UTC -7 / -6 (Daylight Savings Time)

Capital City: Helena

Date of Statehood: November 8, 1889

Statehood Rank: 41st State

Area: 147,165 square miles (381,156 km²)

Area Rank: 4 of 50

Number of Counties: 56

State Population: 1,042,520 (2016 estimate)

Largest Cities:
    Billings - 110,263 (2015 estimate)
    Missoula - 71,022 (2015 estimate)
    Great Falls - 59,638 (2015 estimate)
    Helena - 31,169 (2016 estimate)

Major Rivers:
    Missouri River - Length: 2,540 mi (4,090 km)
    Milk River - Length: 729 mi (1,173 km)
    Yellowstone River - Length: 692 mi (1,114 km)

Highest Point: Granite Peak, 12,807 ft (3,904 m)

Lowest Point: Kootenai River, 1,800 ft (549 m)

Bordering States and Countries:
    Canada (North)
    North Dakota (East)
    South Dakota (Southeast)    
    Wyoming (South)
    Idaho (West and Southwest)

Record High Temperature:
    117°F (47°C)
    July 5, 1937 at Medicine Lake

Record Low Temperature:
    -70°F (-57°C)
    January 20, 1954 at Rogers Pass 

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